Convention on the Political Rights of
signature and ratification by General Assembly resolution 640(VII)
20 December 1952
into force 7 July 1954, in accordance with article
Desiring to implement the principle of equality of rights for men and
women contained in the Charter of the United
Recognizing that everyone has the right to take part in
the government of his country directly or indirectly through freely
chosen representatives, and has the right to equal access to public
service in his country, and desiring to equalize the status of men and
women in the enjoyment and exercise of political rights, in accordance
with the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations and of the
Universal Declaration of Human Rights,
resolved to conclude a Convention for this purpose,
agree as hereinafter provided:
be entitled to vote in all elections on equal terms with men, without
be eligible for election to all publicly elected bodies, established by
national law, on equal terms with men, without any
be entitled to hold public office and to exercise all public functions,
established by national law, on equal terms with men, without any
Convention shall be open for signature on behalf of any Member of the
United Nations and also on behalf of any other State to which an
invitation has been addressed by the General Assembly.
Convention shall be ratified and the instruments of ratification shall
be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
Convention shall be open for accession to all States referred to in
paragraph 1 of article IV.
Accession shall be effected by the deposit of an instrument of accession
with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
Convention shall come into force on the ninetieth day following the date
of deposit of the sixth instrument of ratification or accession.
2. For each
State ratifying or acceding to the Convention after the deposit of the
sixth instrument of ratification or accession the Convention shall enter
into force on the ninetieth day after deposit by such State of its
instrument of ratification or accession.
event that any State submits a reservation to any of the articles of
this Convention at the time of signature, ratification or accession, the
Secretary-General shall communicate the text of the reservation to all
States which are or may become Parties to this Convention. Any State
which objects to the reservation may, within a period of ninety days
from the date of the said communication (or upon the date of its
becoming a Party to the Convention), notify the Secretary-General that
it does not accept it. In such case, the Convention shall not enter into
force as between such State and the State making the reservation.
State may denounce this Convention by written notification to the
Secretary-General of the United Nations. Denunciation shall take effect
one year after the date of receipt of the notification by the
Convention shall cease to be in force as from the date when the
denunciation which reduces the number of Parties to less than six
which may arise between any two or more Contracting States concerning
the interpretation or application of this Convention, which is not
settled by negotiation, shall at the request of any one of the parties
to the dispute be referred to the International Court of Justice for
decision, unless they agree to another mode of settlement.
Secretary-General of the United Nations shall notify all Members of the
United Nations and the non-member States contemplated in paragraph 1 of
article IV of this Convention of the following:
Signatures and instruments of ratification received in accordance with
Instruments of accession received in accordance with article V;
date upon which this Convention enters into force in accordance with
Communications and notifications received in accordance with article
Notifications of denunciation received in accordance with paragraph 1 of
Abrogation in accordance with paragraph 2 of article VIII.
Convention, of which the Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish
texts shall be equally authentic, shall be deposited in the archives of
the United Nations.
Secretary-General of the United Nations shall transmit a certified copy
to all Members of the United Nations and to the non-member States
contemplated in paragraph 1 of article IV.